A chemical peel is a treatment in which an acid solution is used to remove the damaged outer layers of the skin. In performing chemical peels, physicians apply alpha hydroxy acids (AHA), trichloroacetic acid (TCA), or phenol to the skin.
Benefits of Chemical Peeling
Skin imperfections are often the result of acne, aging, sun damage and build-up of old, dead skin cells that block the pores. With these, the skin appears wrinkled, dull, patchy, or scarred. Removal of this old, outer skin layer to be replaced by smoother, more beautiful new skin can dramatically improve one’s appearance. It can effectively reduce or even eliminate skin problems including acne, acne scars, sun spots and hyperpigmentation, fine lines, freckles, dark circles, large pores, wrinkles, rough patches, and dry scaly skin.
With the growth of new skin cells and the enhanced production of collagen that follows a chemical peel, your skin will be noticeably fresher, more youthful, brighter and smoother.
Types of Chemical Peels
There are several types of chemical peels classified into how deep the chemical will penetrate through the skin, and the type of peel used. These include the following:
- Superficial or Light Peel : these are the most gentle type of peel available and aim to remove the superficial top layer of the skin for instantly brighter-looking skin.
- Medium Depth Peel : this type of peel gives more dramatic results and penetrates through a deeper layer of skin. However, this causes more discomfort such as burning and stinging sensations, results to more side effects, and requires longer recovery period.
- Deep Peel : the strongest type of chemical peel and is ideal for severe sun damage, deep lines and wrinkles, and deep scars; this type of peel will cause the skin to be swollen for a few days and typically requires two weeks recovery time.